Uses of Conjunctions
(कंजंक्शन का उप्योग)

Uses of some conjunctions
कुछ समुच्चय बोधक अव्यय के उप्योग

Here we shall discuss some of the conjunctions and their applications.
यहाँ हम कुछ conjunctions और वाक्यों में उनके इस्तेमाल के बारे में चर्चा करेंगे.

Since, or, if, that, than, lest, while, only, except, without, because.

A. Since as from the time when
Since का उपयोग होता है उस समय जब से का बोध कराने के लिये.
I have working been here since I passed my exams.
I have never seen him since he married his beloved.
When used in this context, the verb in the preceding part must be in the perfect present tense and following by a part that has the verb in simple past tense.
जब इस संदर्भ में उपयोग होता है, इस के पहले भाग में क्रिया पूर्ण वर्तमान काल का होना चाहिये और बाद वाले वाक्य में क्रिया का रूप साधारण भूत काल का होना चाहिये.

B. Since to provide a reason, as seeing that or in as much as
since का उपयोग वजह का इजहार करने के लिये किया जाता है.
Since you like this, I shall give it to you.
Since I am so strong, he is afraid of me.

A. Or used to introduce an alternative.
or का उपयोग विकल्प पेश करने के लिये किया जाता है.
Study hard or you may fail.
Take this car or that one.
In case there are more than two alternatives then each may be preceded with an or, to present a choice between any two in the series.
जब दो से ज्यादा विकल्प पेश करना होता है तो पहले विकल्प के बाद के हर विकल्प के पहले or लगाया जाता है.

He is studying hard to become a doctor or an engineer or a lawyer or an industrialist.

B. Or is used to provide an alternative name
or का उपयोग एक वैकल्पिक नाम देने के लिये किया था.
The boy or lad is very good.
The United Nations or UN is an international organization.

C. Or when you mean otherwise
or का उपयोग अन्यता
The evil king must be stopped or he will kill many good citizens.
Work quickly or the work will not be completed in time.

D. Or is sometimes used when to imply and
कभी-कभी or का उपयोग किया जाता है और (and) की जगह पर किया जाता है.
He does not desire love or care.

A. If used to connect to a condition.
if से किसी शर्त को जोड़ा जाता है.
I shall meet him if he is there.
He will get admission if passes the entrance test.

B. If used to admitting something.
if का उपयोग कुछ स्वीकरने के लिया किया जाता है.
If I am poor, I am honest.
If I failed, it was because I was sick.

C. If used to imply whether.
if का उपयोग यदि के इजहार के लिये किया जाता है.
I wonder if he will come.
He asked me if I would be able to complete the task.

D. If used to imply whenever.
if का उपयोग जब भी के इजहार के लिये किया जाता है.
If there is any doubt we must inquire.

Than is used after the adjectives and adverbs in the comparative degree.
than का उपयोग उत्तरावस्था (comparative degree) में विशेषण और क्रियाविशेषण के बाद किया जाता है.
She works harder than him.
I know these roads better than you do.